When Lee Hennessy talks about farming, he talks about selecting happiness. For years he had been residing in LA, working in media and Hollywood and promoting, hating it however figuring pleasure would come as soon as he grew to become profitable sufficient. However in the future, he simply couldn’t anymore: “I used to be depressing. So, finally, I used to be like, ‘What if I centered on happiness first, after which nervous about success afterwards?’” He at all times cherished animals, and the concept of farming. So he put all his cash into studying about agriculture, labored on some farms, after which began his personal: Moxie Ridge Farm in Washington County, New York.
One alternative towards happiness normally begets one other. When Hennessy, a trans man, began farming, he says “it was me, on my own, with my animals… and it took a 12 months and a half or two years of that silence, and that work, and determining who I’m for me to be in a spot the place I felt protected sufficient to even notice that I used to be trans.” Queerness and farming “are very a lot linked for me when it comes to who I’m and my expertise.”
Regardless of Rush Limbaugh’s 2016 threats that lesbian farmers are coming on your cities, most straight folks, and even some queer folks, don’t affiliate queerness with an agricultural life. This isn’t as a result of queer folks haven’t been a part of rural life for generations, however due to a binary of photographs. On one hand you will have a prevalent affiliation of the American farmer as a white, cis, conservative, heterosexual man clad in denim and using a tractor. On the opposite you will have the narrative for queerness in America, as informed by media and many individuals who’ve lived it, as one among popping out and transferring to a metropolis to search out your neighborhood away from the judgment of conservative, rural life. However like most binaries, the binary between a life on the land and a queer one is fake.
Throughout the nation, queer persons are farming. They’re protecting bees and milking goats, amassing eggs and educating others develop meals in their very own yards. For some, it’s an train in queer activism, and for others, it is only one extra technique to stay. However throughout the board, queer farmers are difficult not simply standard farming and meals manufacturing practices, however the picture of farming itself. Alongside the way in which, they’re discovering that farming also can change their very own perceptions about what it means to be queer.
No matter the way you look, there’s an assumption that one should develop up farming in an effort to be a farmer. Which isn’t true for a lot of queer farmers. Ang Roell, beekeeper and founding father of They Maintain Bees, grew up in Queens, New York, their solely expertise with farming being a highschool job on the Queens County Farm Museum. However an early love for nature led them to review environmental schooling in Boston and work on city farming tasks. That’s once they found bees. “I actually linked to the work and the stewarding, it simply was very completely different from among the different works that I’ve been doing, which is generally centered on vegetation and timber. So it’s form of bridged for me, stewarding with animals and in addition working in a discipline, in an agricultural pursuit.” Now, They Maintain Bees sells uncooked honey and beeswax, starter hives, and presents consults to these keen on beekeeping on their very own.
Christina Bouza, co-founder and director of Finca Morada, an academic city farm in North Miami, and Develop Roots Miami, a meals justice collaboration that builds free food-producing gardens, got here to farming by way of the restaurant world. They co-founded Cubana Social, a restaurant and venue in Bushwick, Brooklyn, and mentioned “it was deep inside this undertaking that I realized firsthand in regards to the injustices and failures of our meals system.” Their curiosity in various ecosystems and sustainability grew, and in 2016, after the lease was up on the restaurant, they attended the Black & Latinx Farmer Immersion Program at Soul Fireplace Farm in upstate New York. It was “precisely the catalyst I wanted to shift my focus and my choices from the capitalist system to land-based ecosystems, make extra of an impression in dismantling racism in our meals system, and [help] queer and BIPOC [Black, Indigenous, and people of color] people re-connect to nature, our birthright.”
Amara Ullauri additionally acquired their begin on academic, non-profit farms in Brooklyn, however that work instantly linked them to their roots. They got here to the U.S. with their dad and mom once they had been 5, however most of their household harvests cacao and citrus on the southern coast of the Andes. “I keep in mind sitting on this Latin American Historical past class [in college], and it hit me that in an effort to deal with the historical past of colonization and in addition my family’s intergenerational trauma that’s tied to land work… I wanted to proceed that work.” Now, they’re a program director at Rock Regular Farm, a queer-owned cooperative farm in New York’s Dutchess County. “I knew that it was necessary for my very own studying and for my very own survival and sustenance that I wanted to do that work with folks who had been sharing comparable identities and values and queerness.”

Nevertheless, for different queer farmers, the pursuit of farming was about chasing a dream that didn’t essentially should do with queerness, however was influenced by all of it the identical. Shae Pesek and Anna Hankins personal and function Over the Moon farm in northeast Iowa, which produces every part from eggs to meat to a flower CSA, and which is hooked up to Pesek’s household’s extra standard farm. She had at all times had a love for agriculture, taking part in 4H and FFA (Future Farmers of America), however went to varsity in San Diego as a result of, she figured, that’s what you probably did if you happen to had been homosexual. “I got here out [in San Diego] and I actually didn’t notice that there was essentially a spot for queer adults in agriculture,” she mentioned. “It was simply not one thing that I had seen. Most individuals that had been queer that I knew moved to cities and I assumed that that will be the trail for me as properly.”
However she missed her dad and mom’ farm, so she moved again, which is the place she met Hankins. Hankins studied agriculture in school and labored in meals and agriculture activism networks, and he or she too didn’t see a future in metropolis life. “I needed to be someplace rural and the place I needed to truly pursue rising for folks and for the neighborhood,” she mentioned. Over the Moon got here out of that shared want to guide a rural life and to deliver a extra holistic method to farming, which in some ways, is a queer want — the drive to pursue what fulfills you, even when it’s not thought-about the norm.
Queerness helps outline what number of of those farmers method farming and meals work. Queerness is “how I relate to others and to the lands in a method that’s actively difficult normalized relationships which were imposed by way of colonization and capitalism,” says Ullauri. For Bouza, that work can also be the work of historical past. They notice how, whatever the pervasive picture of the white farmer, a lot of the farming on this nation traditionally has been achieved by enslaved folks from Africa, on land that was beforehand managed by Native People. “In lots of different locations and instances, land managers have traditionally been girls and two-spirited/nonbinary people,” they mentioned. “The ancestors of queer, nonbinary, girls, Black, folks of coloration had been farmers, growers, plant nurturers; they had been land shepherds, they had been in reciprocal relationship with land and nature.” There may be additionally an extended historical past of queer folks looking for self sufficiency on farms and rural residing areas, such because the Womyn’s Land lesbian separatists of the Nineteen Seventies.
“I feel what we see with queer folks farming is that they’re already snug working outdoors the norm.”
The drive towards self sufficiency is what pulled Courtney Skeeba and her spouse to discovered Homestead Ranch in Kansas. After making an effort to supply most of what they consumed, they realized “we grew and produced extra that we may eat, and relatively than waste the surplus, it appeared necessary to share.” They produce all method of meat, cheese, and produce, in addition to soaps and lotions created from goat milk. And whereas Skeeba sees queerness as one thing that may create a shared expertise inside a heteronormative tradition, it’s sufficient to simply be queer and run the farm. “I see farming as an equalizer,” she mentioned. “We as people should eat; producing that meals isn’t any completely different from one individual to the following. On the finish of the day that meals nourishes the physique and brings folks collectively.”
Nonetheless, queerness is an affect, even when the objective was to not create a Capital-Q queer farm. Hennessy recollects how, when he was studying to farm, all of the land grant neighborhood lessons had been run by massive agricultural companies, promoting a really particular, industrial method of manufacturing meat and produce, which was by no means what he needed to do. On Moxie Ridge’s web site, Hennessy outlines the “behavior-based animal administration fashion” he developed, which eschews mechanized land administration strategies. “I may make a case that I’m extra of a farmer than this dude that’s doing excessive confinement pig stuff and promoting it wholesale or one thing at public sale,” he mentioned. However rethinking how farming can look, he mentioned, possibly arises from his queerness. “I feel what we see with queer folks farming is that they’re already snug working outdoors the norm,” he mentioned. Primarily, if you happen to’re already thought-about, at finest, completely different from and, at worst, unacceptable to mainstream society, it’s simpler to say “fuck it” and do your individual factor. “That’s an expertise that folks that don’t should undergo being an outsider don’t come to as naturally,” mentioned Hennessy. “It’s possibly not a pure realization, however they don’t arrive there.”
In fact, many queer folks solely turn into snug working outdoors the norm as a result of they’re compelled to. Queerness in America, sadly, can not but be uncoupled from wrestle. Queer persons are discriminated towards in seemingly limitless methods, whether or not it’s current legislative makes an attempt to disclaim trans folks entry to mandatory medical care, loss of life and violence by the hands of police, dozens of varieties of discrimination that result in queer folks being extra apprehensive about taking part in public life, and queer youth being extra in danger for self-harm. Determining stay, work, and thrive when lots of the norms of life usually are not accessible to you turns into a should.
For a lot of queer folks, an antidote to the onslaught of discrimination is to hunt out queer neighborhood, which regularly coalesces in cities. The federal census and the USDA Census of Agriculture additionally don’t embody questions on sexual orientation or gender identification, so we are able to’t monitor simply what number of queer farmers there are. Which means, regardless of an extended historical past of rural, food-producing queerness, it turns into simple to imagine that queerness is incompatible with rural life. “Rural communities have at all times been residence to LGBTQ+ folks of coloration, however their lives and their wants are sometimes unexamined or ignored,” Logan Casey, senior coverage researcher and advisor on the Motion Development Undertaking, informed Civil Eats earlier this 12 months. The statistics that do exist additionally present a lot farming within the U.S. is extremely heteronormative. There are about thrice as many male farmers as there are feminine, with most girls changing into farmers by marrying a male farmer, or by inheriting land from her father. This tradition makes it even tougher for queer folks looking for to get entangled in farming in agricultural work to know the place to start out, and for these already concerned to hunt neighborhood.
There are struggles for anybody trying to open an unbiased farm. Almost everybody I interviewed introduced up the difficulty of entry to land and capital, with greater agricultural companies, or simply wealthy folks, shopping for up all of the land. Land possession is overwhelmingly white; Black farmers misplaced 36 million acres of their land between 1920 and 1978 to racist insurance policies, systemic discrimination, and violence, and nonetheless wrestle to obtain assist in each private and non-private sectors. And capital tends to be even tougher to return by if you happen to’re queer; although there are variations throughout the neighborhood, the Williams Institute discovered that LGBT folks collectively have a 21.6 % poverty price, whereas the speed for cisgender straight folks is 15.7 %. “Land entry and the capital to truly construct, to have the ability to keep in your land is completely essential to having a extra diversified and equitable farming neighborhood,” mentioned Roell. And the helps for beginning a farm are typically geared towards folks eager to mass-produce meals and feed on industrial farms, not folks constructing smaller, sustainable farms. “I want to see extra alternatives for unbiased farms to have simpler entry to assist that’s at the moment geared towards giant operations,” mentioned Skeeba. “The worth of small unbiased farms is ignored.”
“The capital to truly construct, to have the ability to keep in your land is completely essential to having a extra diversified and equitable farming neighborhood.”
The farmers interviewed additionally detailed some extra particular problems with balancing being outspoken about their queerness whereas additionally making an attempt to stay relatable to white, conservative prospects. Roell finds themself being overly pleasant to their neighbors in rural areas, and is hyper conscious that if “people see you working land and dealing your butt off day by day at a handbook labor job, they’ve a number of respect for you.” Hennessy recollects talking to his farming neighborhood about countering Trump indicators within the space by hanging up rainbow flags and Black Lives Matter indicators, and worrying about being focused if he did. “I’ve to do completely different work due to what I understand as my security,” he mentioned.
However Hennessy additionally spoke of how farming helped him come to a deeper understanding of his identification. The identical factor occurred for Roell, who discovered new language by way of watching the relationships bees construct in a hive. Rising up in a conservative household, they mentioned they shaped the concept their identification was inherently a burden. However “to stay round organic programs which are advanced and nuanced, and never that simply understood, and in addition so layered in what their gender and sexuality and reproductive construction is [was] to discover a degree of acceptance of self that wasn’t accessible for me in a human-to-human connection,” they mentioned. They noticed, in nature, that different constructions and relationships had been attainable. “There was this chance to see one thing extra advanced than myself and perceive, oh yeah, we’re all truly these actually multilayered beings.”
There may be additionally neighborhood to be discovered, and constructed. Via organizations just like the Queer Farmer Community, Out within the Open, and Not Our Farm, queer farmers have been connecting and sharing assets. They’re engaged on creating extra worker-owned farms that may be handed down by way of generations with out debt. They’re studying abilities from one another. They’re assembly and constructing relationships, even in the course of the pandemic, once they couldn’t meet in individual. Which, for some, has made it even simpler to attach. “It’s nice to have these reminders that we’re not alone on this, or our expertise isn’t completely singled out right here,” mentioned Hankins, who mentioned that as a result of they handle livestock 12 months spherical, it’s troublesome to attend the Queer Farmer Community’s yearly convergences. “We are able to attend so many extra completely different conferences or workshops, and simply sit there on-line now. It’s one thing that has made me really feel extra included.”
The “discovered household” is a trademark of the queer expertise, to the purpose the place referring to it could actually really feel a bit of corny. For people who find themselves extra more likely to be estranged or forcefully disconnected from their household of origin, discovered household means not simply neighborhood and friendship, however a community that gives the care, assets, and assist that the phrase “household” evokes. For Ullauri, engaged on a queer-centered farm means “increasing what a household farm is.” If most farms within the U.S. are inherited or obtained by way of marriage, queer farming means making use of non-mainstream concepts of who counts as household to the undertaking of farming. “We are able to have so many kinds of households, and they are often organized in very alternative ways,” they mentioned.
No matter how the farm appears, what or how a lot it produces, or if the farmer even owns the land, the objective for therefore many queer farmers is to let different queer folks know that this life is on the market, in order for you it. And that it’s one value pursuing. “I actually have a robust, deep want to be that mentor that I really feel like I wanted after I was rising up right here,” mentioned Pesek. “It appears necessary to me to be out: out in the neighborhood, out in my enterprise, out in all the methods, simply to be that visibility for folks.”
It’s all too simple to color a story of strife on the subject of farming and residing a rural life as a queer individual. However that assumption is what so many queer farmers try to problem, to not simply construct extra queer neighborhood in farming, however to indicate queer people who it’s attainable to stay and thrive on a farm proper now. “I feel a number of queer persons are like, ‘Oh my gosh, it’s so harmful,’” mentioned Hennessy. “And security actually is a factor, nevertheless it makes me unhappy that folks really feel like they aren’t entitled to a life outdoors of the historic queer expertise. You’re entitled to this life, and also you’re entitled to security on this life, and you’re entitled to see different folks residing it with out consistently being bombarded with overcoming adversity tales.”
Marylu E. Herrera is a Chicago-based collage artist.

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