In line with statistics, each 12 months DVT and pulmonary embolism (PE) kills extra folks than Aids, breast most cancers, prostate most cancers and automotive crashes mixed. 

Traditionally, deep vein thrombosis has been linked to flying, however analysis has revealed that anybody who sits nonetheless for lengthy durations of time – at work, at residence or whereas travelling – is in danger.

Paul Westerman, a blood clot survivor and director of RBR Lively, explains what you are able to do to stop a deep vein thrombosis.

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What’s a DVT and PE?

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that develops inside a deep vein within the physique, normally within the leg. 

leftCreated with Sketch.
rightCreated with Sketch.

1/14 Passports

British passports that expire after 29 March 2019 will proceed to be legitimate as UK journey paperwork, however will lose the facility that comes with being a European Union passport – notably the precise of free motion throughout the EU27.
UK passports issued from 30 March 2019 could have the phrases “European Union” faraway from the duvet and the primary web page (together with the translations into Welsh and Gaelic). However they may nonetheless be burgundy. By October 2019, new British passports could have darkish blue covers

Getty

2/14 Pets

You’ll nonetheless be capable to journey to the EU along with your pet after Brexit, however it may properly get extra difficult relying on the standing that the European Union resolve to use. If the UK is given “Half 2 listed standing”, there can be some additional necessities for travelling pets and house owners post-Brexit. “These would require a further go to to the vet and a few extra papers to be carried however wouldn’t stop you from having fun with your journey,” says Eurotunnel.
Nevertheless it provides that if the UK is given unlisted, third-country standing, “house owners who want to journey with their pets from the UK to EU nations might want to talk about their particular preparations and necessities with an Official Veterinarian at the least 4 months previous to their desired journey date

AFP/Getty

3/14 Eurotunnel/Eurostar

The Treaty of Canterbury between the UK and France governs the Channel Tunnel hyperlink and operations will proceed – topic to any native disruption at Folkestone and/or Calais

AFP/Getty

4/14 Driving

Motorists, whether or not taking their very own automobiles or hiring overseas, are prone to have to get hold of an Worldwide Driving Allow or two; totally different EU international locations are signed as much as totally different treaties, so for a visit embracing Spain and France you would wish each sorts.
These are at present offered from a restricted variety of Put up Workplaces, however the authorities intends to make them extensively out there. The associated fee is £5.50 for every.
Motor insurance coverage will now not robotically lengthen to the EU. Insurers will present on request a “Inexperienced Card”, for which an additional cost might be made

PA

5/14 Flights

Even within the occasion of a no-deal Brexit, flights will proceed to function between the UK and European Union.
Nevertheless, within the occasion of the UK leaving with no deal, many flights are prone to be cancelled as a result of departures can be capped at 2018 ranges. As UK airways have already introduced hundreds of recent flights to Europe from the tip of March 2019, some must be cancelled

Getty

6/14 Air routes

The community of flight hyperlinks between Britain and japanese Europe may very well be affected by any discount within the variety of staff from these international locations. Not solely do they use the flights – so do their households and mates

PA

7/14 Flight disruption rights

Present European passengers’ rights guidelines, referred to as EC261/2004, stipulate excessive payouts for delays and cancellations that can’t be attributed to “extraordinary circumstances”. Buried in a doc referred to as Past the Horizon: The Way forward for UK Aviation, the federal government says “the UK won’t fall beneath present requirements of safety after we go away the EU”

AFP/Getty

8/14 Entry laws to the European Union

From 11pm GMT on 29 March 2019, UK travellers will develop into “third-country nationals” when travelling to Schengen international locations and topic to the usual guidelines of admission for residents of countries such because the US, Japan and Australia. Meaning there have to be at the least 90 days (roughly three months) left in your passport past your supposed date of departure.
As a result of third-country nationals can stay within the Schengen space for 90 days, the precise verify carried out may very well be that the passport has at the least six months’ validity remaining on the date of arrival

Getty

9/14 On-line registration previous to journey – ETIAS

From 2021, non-EU nationals who don’t require a visa to enter the Schengen space – together with British travellers – might want to request prior authorisation to go to Schengen international locations.
The Journey Data and Authorisation System (ETIAS) is aimed toward decreasing the “migration, safety or public-health threat” from nationals of visa-exempt third international locations, which is what the UK will develop into after Brexit. It prices €7 for 3 years

AFP/Getty

10/14 ‘Brexit clauses’

Numerous journey suppliers – even together with Nationwide Categorical coaches – have added “Brexit clauses” to their phrases and circumstances. These typically specify that they won’t be chargeable for “consequential losses” on account of Brexit-related points

PA

11/14 ‘Quick monitor’ lanes for passport management getting into EU international locations

British passport holders will be unable to make use of them, and should be part of the queue for third-country nationals.
Folks holding an EU passport or ID card in addition to a British passport will be capable to exit the UK on the British passport however enter Europe on the EU doc

Getty

12/14 Ferries

The ferry business insists vessels will proceed to sail. The UK Chamber of Transport says: “Not like the carriage of cargo, commerce offers wouldn’t have a big impact on the cruise and passenger ferry business. The specific standardisation of commodity codes and tariffs related to commerce offers have little relevance to holidaymakers.”
Having stated that, the federal government and Kent County Council are planning for attainable chaos at Channel ports due to a backlog of vans within the occasion of a no-deal Brexit. This is able to impinge on holidaymakers’ plans

PA

13/14 European Well being Insurance coverage Card (EHIC)

The EU says: “For those who fall in poor health or have an accident throughout a go to to a different EU nation, as an EU citizen you might have the precise to obtain the mandatory public healthcare in any EU nation underneath the identical circumstances as folks within the host nation.” The EHIC additionally works in Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
Remedy, says the NHS, is “at a diminished value or, in lots of circumstances, freed from cost”.
From 11pm GMT on 29 March 2019, when the UK ceases to belong to the European Union, British travellers could have no automated proper to make use of the EHIC.
There is no such thing as a certainty about what might change it

PA

14/14 Cellphones

From 30 March 2019, the regulation banning cell phone corporations from charging additional for calls and information in Europe will stop, although operators have but to set out precisely what is going to change it. In idea, cell phone corporations can impose no matter charges they suppose the market will bear.
However Dave Dyson, chef govt of Three, says his agency is “dedicated to take care of the provision of roaming within the EU at no extra value following Brexit”

AFP/Getty

1/14 Passports

British passports that expire after 29 March 2019 will proceed to be legitimate as UK journey paperwork, however will lose the facility that comes with being a European Union passport – notably the precise of free motion throughout the EU27.
UK passports issued from 30 March 2019 could have the phrases “European Union” faraway from the duvet and the primary web page (together with the translations into Welsh and Gaelic). However they may nonetheless be burgundy. By October 2019, new British passports could have darkish blue covers

Getty

2/14 Pets

You’ll nonetheless be capable to journey to the EU along with your pet after Brexit, however it may properly get extra difficult relying on the standing that the European Union resolve to use. If the UK is given “Half 2 listed standing”, there can be some additional necessities for travelling pets and house owners post-Brexit. “These would require a further go to to the vet and a few extra papers to be carried however wouldn’t stop you from having fun with your journey,” says Eurotunnel.
Nevertheless it provides that if the UK is given unlisted, third-country standing, “house owners who want to journey with their pets from the UK to EU nations might want to talk about their particular preparations and necessities with an Official Veterinarian at the least 4 months previous to their desired journey date

AFP/Getty

3/14 Eurotunnel/Eurostar

The Treaty of Canterbury between the UK and France governs the Channel Tunnel hyperlink and operations will proceed – topic to any native disruption at Folkestone and/or Calais

AFP/Getty

4/14 Driving

Motorists, whether or not taking their very own automobiles or hiring overseas, are prone to have to get hold of an Worldwide Driving Allow or two; totally different EU international locations are signed as much as totally different treaties, so for a visit embracing Spain and France you would wish each sorts.
These are at present offered from a restricted variety of Put up Workplaces, however the authorities intends to make them extensively out there. The associated fee is £5.50 for every.
Motor insurance coverage will now not robotically lengthen to the EU. Insurers will present on request a “Inexperienced Card”, for which an additional cost might be made

PA

5/14 Flights

Even within the occasion of a no-deal Brexit, flights will proceed to function between the UK and European Union.
Nevertheless, within the occasion of the UK leaving with no deal, many flights are prone to be cancelled as a result of departures can be capped at 2018 ranges. As UK airways have already introduced hundreds of recent flights to Europe from the tip of March 2019, some must be cancelled

Getty

6/14 Air routes

The community of flight hyperlinks between Britain and japanese Europe may very well be affected by any discount within the variety of staff from these international locations. Not solely do they use the flights – so do their households and mates

PA

7/14 Flight disruption rights

Present European passengers’ rights guidelines, referred to as EC261/2004, stipulate excessive payouts for delays and cancellations that can’t be attributed to “extraordinary circumstances”. Buried in a doc referred to as Past the Horizon: The Way forward for UK Aviation, the federal government says “the UK won’t fall beneath present requirements of safety after we go away the EU”

AFP/Getty

8/14 Entry laws to the European Union

From 11pm GMT on 29 March 2019, UK travellers will develop into “third-country nationals” when travelling to Schengen international locations and topic to the usual guidelines of admission for residents of countries such because the US, Japan and Australia. Meaning there have to be at the least 90 days (roughly three months) left in your passport past your supposed date of departure.
As a result of third-country nationals can stay within the Schengen space for 90 days, the precise verify carried out may very well be that the passport has at the least six months’ validity remaining on the date of arrival

Getty

9/14 On-line registration previous to journey – ETIAS

From 2021, non-EU nationals who don’t require a visa to enter the Schengen space – together with British travellers – might want to request prior authorisation to go to Schengen international locations.
The Journey Data and Authorisation System (ETIAS) is aimed toward decreasing the “migration, safety or public-health threat” from nationals of visa-exempt third international locations, which is what the UK will develop into after Brexit. It prices €7 for 3 years

AFP/Getty

10/14 ‘Brexit clauses’

Numerous journey suppliers – even together with Nationwide Categorical coaches – have added “Brexit clauses” to their phrases and circumstances. These typically specify that they won’t be chargeable for “consequential losses” on account of Brexit-related points

PA

11/14 ‘Quick monitor’ lanes for passport management getting into EU international locations

British passport holders will be unable to make use of them, and should be part of the queue for third-country nationals.
Folks holding an EU passport or ID card in addition to a British passport will be capable to exit the UK on the British passport however enter Europe on the EU doc

Getty

12/14 Ferries

The ferry business insists vessels will proceed to sail. The UK Chamber of Transport says: “Not like the carriage of cargo, commerce offers wouldn’t have a big impact on the cruise and passenger ferry business. The specific standardisation of commodity codes and tariffs related to commerce offers have little relevance to holidaymakers.”
Having stated that, the federal government and Kent County Council are planning for attainable chaos at Channel ports due to a backlog of vans within the occasion of a no-deal Brexit. This is able to impinge on holidaymakers’ plans

PA

13/14 European Well being Insurance coverage Card (EHIC)

The EU says: “For those who fall in poor health or have an accident throughout a go to to a different EU nation, as an EU citizen you might have the precise to obtain the mandatory public healthcare in any EU nation underneath the identical circumstances as folks within the host nation.” The EHIC additionally works in Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
Remedy, says the NHS, is “at a diminished value or, in lots of circumstances, freed from cost”.
From 11pm GMT on 29 March 2019, when the UK ceases to belong to the European Union, British travellers could have no automated proper to make use of the EHIC.
There is no such thing as a certainty about what might change it

PA

14/14 Cellphones

From 30 March 2019, the regulation banning cell phone corporations from charging additional for calls and information in Europe will stop, although operators have but to set out precisely what is going to change it. In idea, cell phone corporations can impose no matter charges they suppose the market will bear.
However Dave Dyson, chef govt of Three, says his agency is “dedicated to take care of the provision of roaming within the EU at no extra value following Brexit”

AFP/Getty

Normally, a DVT might be handled. If it isn’t it may result in a pulmonary embolism (PE), which is deadly if left untreated.

With a PE, the DVT breaks off and strikes into the lungs, depriving the physique of the oxygen and blood provide that it wants and inflicting everlasting tissue harm.

DVT can have an effect on anybody, of any age, at any time. Many celebrities who’ve suffered from DVT or PE-related incidents together with tennis ace Serena Williams; cricket participant Andrew Flintoff, who developed a DVT whereas he was recovering from a knee operation; Billy Connolly, whereas receiving therapy for most cancers; and former overseas secretary Boris Johnson.

Is it true that flying places you at better threat of affected by DVT?

Flying itself doesn’t enhance your likelihood of getting DVT. Nevertheless, extended inactivity akin to sitting nonetheless on a long-distance flight can enhance your threat.

Usually, blood flows easily via the veins with out clotting. Clots develop within the physique when the blood cells clump collectively. The formation of DVT clots might be triggered by a mixture of things together with:

Decreased blood circulation via the veins. This happens when individuals are sedentary for 90 minutes or longer.
Adjustments within the clotting mechanism of the blood. This may be attributable to being pregnant, some drug therapies and genetic disposition.
Injury to the liner of the blood vessel wall. This will happen after surgical procedures, trauma or irritation.

How doubtless is it that I’ll get DVT?

Learn extra

It is very important bear in mind that folks of all ages are liable to DVT and PE.  

Nevertheless, they’re most typical in folks aged 40 or over, those that have had a earlier DVT or PE or those that have present well being issues: those that’ve undergone current therapy for most cancers or current surgical procedure, particularly on the pelvis, hips or knees.

Ladies who’re pregnant or have not too long ago had a child and ladies who’re taking the contraceptive tablet or are on hormone substitute remedy (HRT) even have an elevated threat, as do some who’ve an inherited clotting tendency or household historical past of blood clots.

Individuals who wouldn’t have any of those threat elements should still develop a DVT due to a sedentary life-style. For some, this could embrace actions akin to on-line gaming, time spent on social media and binge-watching TV.

In 2016, Chris Staniforth, 20, died after spending as much as 12 hours at a time enjoying on his Xbox. And final 12 months, a research discovered that pc avid gamers as younger as 12 have suffered probably lethal deep vein thrombosis after turning into so absorbed of their video games they hardly moved for greater than three hours. The analysis recognized a 12-year-old who had performed for 4 hours along with his legs in a kneeling place when he suffered a blood clot.

What are the signs?

Sadly, there could also be few or no signs of DVT and 80 per cent of circumstances are “silent”. However RBR Lively not too long ago launched the #SeekHELP marketing campaign to warn anybody who experiences warmth, extreme redness, localised swelling or ache of their leg or arm to get pressing medical consideration.

Signs of a PE embrace signs of a DVT together with the next:

Sudden shortness of breath
Chest ache that’s sharp or stabbing; might worsen with deep breaths
Speedy coronary heart fee
Unexplained cough, typically with bloody mucus
Can DVT be prevented?

Preserving your weight at a wholesome stage, staying lively and exercising repeatedly all helps. 

You need to drink loads of water, put on free becoming garments and transfer round at common intervals when travelling. This is applicable to all types of journey, together with flying.  

When you’ve got a very sedentary life-style, it’s best to look to stand up and transfer round each 90 minutes to get your blood shifting.

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There are additionally merchandise available on the market to assist scale back the chance, together with compression stockings, that are routinely utilized in hospitals, and sure sorts of remedy – “blood thinners” (anti-coagulation remedy) – which should be prescribed.